Petone, Lower Hutt

Jackson Street

Edwin Jackson arrived in New Zealand in 1857 and settled in Petone in 1868. He set up in business as a farmer and bricklayer. He eventually acquired a substantial block of land in the town which he subsequently subdivided with unsurveyed rights of way, which is the reason why Jackson Street is so crooked in alignment.

He was a member of the Petone Town Board and Borough Council. Petone’s main street was named in his honour. He died in 1896

Named after substantial landowner and community benefactor Edwin Jackson, who died in 1896. His haphazard selling of property Source: Hutt City Libraries

Edwin Jackson was a Petone settler, founder, entrepreneur and bricklayer, who gave Petone’s main street its name of Jackson Street.

Born in England about 1826, he married Harriet in 1848 and their first daughter Mary Ann was born in 1849. A son Joseph Enoch was born in Chorlton, Lancashire in 1852, followed by another son Edwin, who was born in 1854 but died the following year, aged 9 months. Elizabeth (Lily) Jackson was born in 1856 in Stockport, Cheshire.

Both Joseph Enoch and Elizabeth were baptised in Stockport, Cheshire on 14 September 1856, before the family left for the colonies. Their abode at the time was ‘Carrington Field’ in Cheshire.


They arrived in Wellington on the Indian Queen on January 30, 1857, a 1050 ton wooden ship built by the Liverpool ‘Blackball Line’ in 1851. The Indian Queen was later  ”lost’ on a voyage from Liverpool in 1862.

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Indian Queen by David Michael Hartigan Little, State Library of Victoria, Melbourne

Edwin Jackson and family soon moved from Wellington to the Hutt, where he bought 100 acres of land, part of Petone township. He set up his brick works business about 1859.

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Wellington Independent, 8 April 1859

A founder of the Wesleyan (Methodist) Church, he gifted sections to the Church. He also gifted land for the Petone Naval drill and boat sheds, and to the Loyal Petone Lodge of Oddfellows. He was a long-time Town Commissioner of Petone, on the Town Board and Borough Council in the 1880s and 1890s.

With an eye for business in 1892 he built the Petone salt and artesian water swimming baths as the Gear Meat Works was discharging blood and offal into the sea, making it unfit for swimming and attracting sharks – read about Jackson’s Baths in the Hutt Heritage Blog Edwin Jackson’s Baths – Petone’s first swimming pool.

Edwin Jackson died on April 29, 1896 in his home at Nelson Street, Petone, aged 70 and was buried in the (now) Bolton Street Cemetery alongside his first wife Harriett. He was survived by his second wife Ann, his son Joseph Enoch Jackson, daughter Mary Ann Wakeham of Wainuiomata, and grandchildren.

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4 May 1896, Evening Post
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Edwin Jackson’s will, at, Archives NZ Probate Records, 1843-1998

Jackson Street

Edwin Jackson cut up some of his land into sections for sale. He granted haphazardly rights of way to his sections without survey work, creating an unplanned and crooked Jackson Street. In 1876 Jackson Street as it is now existed in two parts – Barton Terrace west of Nelson Street, and Jackson Street to its east. Nelson Street, formerly Petone Avenue, was intended as the main street, but most people travelled west to work in the woollen mill, railway workshop …. – along Jackson Street.

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Township of Petone [map], 1873. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand.

The crookedness was a problem first considered in 1885, but not addressed until 1926 when major developments in Lower Hutt promised an increase in traffic and population.

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Jackson Street, 1916. Hutt City Libraries Collection.
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Overlooking Jackson Street, Petone, 1930. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand.

The Borough Council began work to straighten and widen the street in 1926. 28 properties were affected, with most buildings jacked up and moved back about 20 metres, the work taking 12 years, finally completed in 1938.

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Jackson Street building jacked up for moving to allow for widening the street, 1928. Hutt City Libraries Collection.
jackson st 1936 map
Map from Archives NZ.

Barton Terrace in Petone was renamed Jackson Street (to extend the street) in Edwin Jackson’s honour after his death.

Jackson Street before and after widening, “Petone first 100 years”

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Jackson Street 1930. Laying sewer pipes, showing narrowness of the street. Hutt City Libraries collection.











Jackson Street 1930s, showing uneven alignment. Hutt City Libraries collection.
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Jackson Street 1930s. Hutt City Libraries Collection.
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Jackson Street 1940s, Hutt City Libraries collection.
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Jackson Street 1979, looking east  Hutt City Libraries collection.
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Jackson Street 1978 Hutt City Libraries collection.
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Jackson Street Nov 2017, looking west, Hutt City Libraries collection.


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Jackson Street Nov 2017, looking east, Hutt City Libraries collection.Source: Hutt City Libraries

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